Estonia's role in the work of the Council of Europe

In the Council of Europe, the field of sport is coordinated by the Council’s Enlarged Partial Agreement on Sport (EPAS). The Council of Europe fights against the negative aspects of sport with conventions.

On 3 July 2016, a new Council of Europe Convention was opened for signature in Saint-Denis, which deals with an integrated approach to security, safety and service at football matches and other sporting events. Estonia acceded to the convention on 16 December 2019. Representatives of the Estonian Police and Border Guard Board and the Ministry of Culture participate in the work of the committee. The new convention updates the 1985 European Convention on Spectator Violence and Other Disorders at Football Matches and Other Sports Events, which Estonia had acceded to before the accession to the new convention.

The Anti-Doping Convention was ratified in 1989 by 35 member states of the Council of Europe. According to the Convention, the governments of the acceding countries combat doping with the help of control programmes. These programs limit the activities of doping traffickers, develop doping tests and improve control tools. They also support information and education programmes and ensure that users of doping are effectively punished. The Council of Europe and WADA cooperate closely, and the Council has two voting members in WADA. Implementation of the Convention is monitored by the Monitoring Group of the Anti-Doping Convention, which has four specialised sub-groups: Advisory Groups on Compliance, Education, Legal Issues and Science. The Ad hoc European Committee for the World Anti-Doping Agency helps to coordinate the positions of European WADA representatives for WADA meetings. From Estonia, representatives of the Ministry of Culture and the Estonian Anti-Doping and Sports Ethics Foundation participate in the work of the Monitoring Group and the European Committee for WADA.


Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions

Explanatory report

On 9 July 2014, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe approved the Convention against Manipulation of Sporting Events and its explanatory report. The Council of Europe Convention against Manipulation of Sports Competitions was opened for signature by countries in Switzerland on 18.09.2014. On that day, the Convention was signed by 15 countries. To date, 37 States have acceded to the Convention and seven have ratified it, which means that the Convention has entered into force. A Convention enters into force once it has been ratified by at least five countries. Estonia joined the Council of Europe Convention on the Manipulation of Sports Competitions on 19.09.2016. Estonia has yet to ratify the Convention, as it is unclear whether and how the European Union can accede to the Convention. However, in 2020 Estonia joined the Group of Copenhagen, which unites 33 countries through their coordinators. This network has laid the foundations for transnational cooperation, thereby enabling the exchange of information, experience and expertise relevant to combating the manipulation of sporting competitions. The network's priorities are the following: to identify and highlight best practices; to provide practical support to existing national platforms to help consolidate and improve their systems; to support countries in setting up these national platforms; and to strengthen the institutional and professional capacity of national and international actors.

One of the key issues in the international fight against match-fixing is the need to ensure the cooperation of all stakeholders in the field, in particular public authorities, law enforcement agencies, gambling regulators, the sports movement in all its forms and betting operators (lotteries and private operators). The Convention establishes an international legal framework to prevent and combat the manipulation of sports results. The objective of the Convention is to promote international cooperation in this field and to establish a monitoring mechanism to ensure that the provisions of the Convention are effectively complied with.

As a result of an administrative agreement concluded with the Ministry of Culture, the Estonian Center for Integrity in Sports, whose statutory objectives include combating the manipulation of sports results, is the contact organisation for the fight against match-fixing in Estonia.


Kaarel Nestor

Adviser (Sports)

Last updated: 11.02.2021