European Union

Estonia has been a member of the European Union since 2004. Membership gives Estonia the opportunity to participate in the development of EU policies, various cooperation platforms and programmes.

Of the EU policies, the Ministry of Culture is responsible for culture, the audiovisual field and sports. The European Union treaties in the field of culture, sport, as well as integration, come under the competence of the Member States. However, several cooperation platforms have developed in these areas and discussions are taking place at both the political and expert group levels, in which Estonia also participates. The cross-border provision of media services is the only one to be subject to EU-wide regulation. 

In addition, the cultural and creative sector, sport and integration are impacted by horizontal EU policies and regulations, for which other ministries are primarily responsible. For example, the field of copyrighting, which is coordinated in Estonia by the Ministry of Justice; construction and renovation of buildings are related to the field of architecture and design and cultural heritage; the protection of citizens' fundamental rights and the rule of law are more generally linked to media, etc. EU-level cooperation and cross-border activities and support programs are also impacted by broader EU policies, which are related to the digital revolution, the achievement of the EU's climate goals and the achievement of the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Ministry of Culture participates in all phases of the drafting and stands out for Estonian positions at the EU level.

The priorities of Estonia's European Union policy for 2020-2021 were approved at the session of the Government of the Republic on 21 November 2019.

Kadri Jauram represents the Ministry of Culture in the Permanent Representation of Estonia to the European Union in Brussels.


Creative Europe

Creative Europe is the name of the European Union's framework programme for cultural cooperation, which combines the Culture and MEDIA programmes. The aim of the programme is to increase the competitiveness of the cultural and creative sectors, promote cultural and audiovisual works and the cross-border mobility of creative people, in order to reach a wider audience in Europe and beyond, and to foster innovation and the development of new business models.

The budget for the 2014-2020 programme, from which grants for international cultural cooperation were paid, was €1.46 billion. See more.

In addition, the Ministry of Culture distributes grants to co-finance Estonian projects participating in the European Union's cooperation programme called Culture.

More information, and contacts, available at:


Heili Jõe

European Union Affairs

Last updated: 02.02.2021